- The twelfth and last zodiac constellation is Leo the Lion. The picture is of a large Lion sited beside the Crab.
- Leo is the end of the great zodiac circle, and this is the where the circle comes around again to meet back at Virgo.
- Leo is a beautiful constellation with the head of the lion resembling a backwards question mark and the end (or tail) part is shaped like a triangle.
- He is pouncing on the head of the fleeing giant Water Serpent. In the Egyptian planisphere he is shown actually standing on the serpent. So once again a hero is attacking the serpent Hydra (Satan), and apparently focusing on crushing its head. All societies see this as a lion.
- By the beginning of March, Leo has cleared the eastern horizon at the end of evening twilight, and by the end of the month it is high in the east as darkness comes.
- In September of 3 B.C., Jupiter came into conjunction with Regulus, the star of kingship, the brightest star in the constellation Leo the Lion. Leo was the constellation of kings, and it was associated with the Lion of Judah. Just a month earlier, Jupiter and Venus had almost seemed to touch each other in another close conjunction, also in Leo. Then the conjunction between Jupiter and Regulus was repeated in February and May of 2 B.C. Finally, on June 17, 2 B.C., Jupiter and Venus, the two brightest objects in the night sky except for the moon, came so close that their disks appeared to touch. This exceptionally rare event could not have been missed by observers such as the Wise Men. Jupiter is derived from the Hebrew or Chaldean Jah, which is the name of God revealed to Moses. Jupiter represents the King of righteousness. The Hebrew name for Jupiter is Tzedeq, which means “righteousness.” Thus we see Jupiter as representing the King of Righteousness, or The Righteous Ruler. Jupiter has long been recognized as a Messianic star, being associated with the Messiah. Frances Rolleston wrote that “Venus in all countries and languages is feminine." Venus is symbolic of the Virgin, and is both a reference to the virgin who was to give birth to the Son of God, as well as being symbolic of the church. It is possible that this union of Jupiter and Venus stands as the most plausible explanation of the sign that the wise men discerned in the heavens back in the year 2 B.C. That this sign occurred in Leo, symbolizing the Lion of the Tribe of Judah, and the tribe from which God said the ruler’s scepter would not depart, adds additional meaning to the sign. Judah's name means praise and glory and majesty of God. His banner bore the sign of the rampant lion. His jewel representative was the ruby, the symbol of blood-shedding unto victory. And Jacob describes him as the lion, the tearer in pieces, the glorious victor, the same as exhibited in the sign of Leo. The chief star embraced in this figure, situated in the Lion’s breast, whence its mighty paws proceed, bears the name of Regel, or Regulus, which means the feet which crush, as whence it was said of the Messiah that He shall tread upon the serpent and the asp, and trample the dragon under His feet (Psalm 91:13). All ancient civilizations recognized Regulus as the king star, the one and only king star in the zodiac. The wise men would surely have taken note of all of the details of this heavenly message, and would have understood its meaning. Understanding heavenly signs is similar to the study of Scripture. One must look at what is being communicated in the entirety of its given context. The constellations form the background context for understanding a heavenly event. This signed occurred in Leo. There has not been a brighter, closer conjunction of Venus and Jupiter in Leo so near to Regulus in the 2,000 years before or since.
Could this be the event that caused a group of astrologers called the Wise Men to travel to Jerusalem in search of a new king almost 2,000 years ago?
- Latin: Regulus means “Kingly.”
- Hebrew: Arieh means " The Lion Rending" or " The Lion hunting down his prey."
- Arabic: Al Asad means " The Lion who rends" or "The lion leaping."
- Syriac: Aryo means "The rending lion."
- Egyptian: In the zodiac of Dendereh, the word Knem ("Who Conquers") is written under the constellation of Leo. In the Denderah zodiac, Leo is treading on a serpent and indeed his feet are over the constellation Hydra, the serpent.
- Egyptian: Pi Mentekeon, means, "pouring out" (links to Crater, a cup of wrath).
- This is none other than the Lion of the tribe of Judah, which as the Bible says, "has prevailed" - Revelation 5:5.
- Regulus (Rigel or Regel):
- The head of Leo is formed by a sickle-shaped set of stars with bright Regulus marking the handle of the sickle. If you wish, you can imagine this as a reverse question mark, with Regulus being the period of the question mark.
- The Aramaic and Hebrew meaning of Regulus is “the feet which crush” or "treading underfoot".
- For Persians, Regulus was one of four Guardian stars of Heaven.
- Regulus has been called the "Royal Star," and "Kingly Star," being associated in many ways with kings on earth. Thus, both the star and its constellation became a symbol of royalty.
- Regulus enters the sign Virgo in 2012 AD.
- As the brightest star in Leo, Regulus almost always has been universally associated in ancient cultures with the concept of royalty or kingly power. The name Regulus comes from the Latin rex, or king. The star was known in Arabia as Malikiyy, the Kingly One; in Greece, as the "Star of the King"; in ancient Babylon, as Sharru or the King; to the even more ancient Akkadians of Mesopotamia it represented Amil-gal-ur, the legendary King of the Celestial Sphere who ruled before the great flood.
- Denebola (at the end of the tail) - Hebrew: "The Judge Who Comes", "the Lord who cometh with Haste", "The Prince" - Revelation 22:12 ; 20.
- Deneb Aleced - " the Judge shall reign".
- Al Giebha (in the mane) - Arabic "The Exaltation" or "The Exalted" - Revelation 4:11; 1 Timothy 6:14-17.
- Zosma (on the back) - "the Shining Forth".
- Al Defera - " the putting down of the enemy".
- Al Zubra - "The Heaped up as sin and delayed punishment".
- Al Serpha - " The Burning", "The Funeral Pyre".
- Zozma - "Shining Forth".
- Minchar Alasad - "The Tearing of the Lion".
- Aldafera - "Enemy Put Down".
- Sarcam - "joining" or "the joint", indicating the boundary between the beginning and end of the constellations.
- Other star names indicate a lion which seizes, tears up, and puts down his enemy.
- Genesis 3:14-15: Then the Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, you are cursed more than all animals, domestic and wild. You will crawl on your belly, groveling in the dust as long as you live. And I will cause hostility between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring. He will strike your head, and you will strike his heel.”
- Numbers 24:8-9: God brought them out of Egypt; for them he is as strong as a wild ox. He devours all the nations that oppose him, breaking their bones in pieces, shooting them with arrows. Like a lion, Israel crouches and lies down; like a lioness, who dares to arouse her? Blessed is everyone who blesses you, O Israel, and cursed is everyone who curses you.”
- Romans 16:20: The God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. May the grace of our Lord Jesus be with you.
- Revelation 5:5: "But one of the twenty-four elders said to me, “Stop weeping! Look, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the heir to David’s throne, has won the victory. He is worthy to open the scroll and its seven seals.”
- Leo has always been associated with the Sun. Pliny wrote that Egyptians worshiped the stars of Leo because they knew that the Sun appeared to enter them during the time when the Nile flooded to bring fresh fertile soil onto the land. Because of this, it was thought that the Sun rose in Leo at the time of creation. Thus, Leo was the emblem of the fire and heat that nourished the land, intimately associated with all the blessings that rained down from the greatest of the gods that filled the world with light each day. In this regard, it has been suspected that the great Sphinx represents both the Sun and the constellation Leo. It is shown, however, with the body of the Lion and the head of the beautiful Virgo, the constellation next to the east along the zodiac.
- The constellation Leo has been known as a Lion from nearly all the early lands of the Near East; certainly from Sumeria, Babylonia, Persia, and Syria, as well as from the Greeks and Romans. It was the tribal sign of Judah. Its association with the Nile River is the likely reason that the heads of lions with open jaws were carved on the gates of canals used to carry off the flood water that irrigated the Nile Valley.
- The Greeks said Leo came down from the Moon on a meteor, landing on the Isthmus of Corinth. The beast ravaged the land, terrorizing people around the Nemean forest until Hercules slew the creature. In due course it was carried back to the heavens along with Hercules, both inducted into the stellar hero hall of fame.
- The Lion of Leo is pictured in the Denderic Zodiac as treading upon a serpent.
The three decans are Hydra, Crater and Corvus
The three decans are combined. We have Hydra, the Serpent; Crater, the Cup, pouring out wrath on the serpent; and Corvus, the Raven, grasping and pecking at the serpent.
I. Hydra - The old serpent destroyed. The excluded, put out of the way. The serpent fleeing.
- The first decan is the giant Water Serpent (Hydra).
- Hydra, that old serpent the Great Dragon, is best seen from the southern hemisphere, but can be observed in the north between January and May.
- This is a very long constellation which wraps nearly a third of the way around the heavens - stretching beneath Virgo, Leo and Cancer.
- Just as Satan bought down a third of the angels with him, so this is also typified in Hydra. Here he is fleeing for his life. But he is caught, not able to escape.
- Hydra is a picture of a serpent (Satan) being destroyed.
- The feet of Leo are over this long constellation as if victorious over it.
- Just as the leviathan Cetus is the largest of the constellations, so Hydra is the longest.
- Hydra represents that old serpent the Devil and Satan to be put away by the Lion of the tribe of Judah, The Lord Jesus, The Messiah.
- Latin & Greek: Hydra means "the Abhorred."
Greek: Hydra (the Water Serpent)
- Summerian: Mush (the Snake)
- Al Phard: Its brightest star is at the heart of the monster and means "the Separated", "The Excluded" or "Put Out of the Way".
- Al Drian means"the abhorred."
- Minchir al Sugia means "the Punishing", "the Tearing to Pieces of the Deceiver", "the Piercing of the Deceiver."
- Isaiah 26:21; Isaiah 27:1: Look! The Lord is coming from heaven to punish the people of the earth for their sins. The earth will no longer hide those who have been killed. They will be brought out for all to see. ... In that day the Lord will take his terrible, swift sword and punish Leviathan, the swiftly moving serpent, the coiling, writhing serpent. He will kill the dragon of the sea.
- Revelation 20:10: Then the devil, who had deceived them, was thrown into the fiery lake of burning sulfur, joining the beast and the false prophet. There they will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
- In Greek mythology, as one head was severed by Hercules, two more took its place. Hercules burned each head to keep them from regenerating, until he reached the final head which he discovered is immortal. This one he buried under a rock. It is clearly one of the great forces of evil, similar to the Cetus Sea Monster.
- Anciently it was near the celestial equator, and gave rise to the belief that the dragon swallows the sun during an eclipse.
II. Crater - The cup of wrath poured put. The Cup - 13 stars in this cup.
- The second decan is the Cup (Crater). It is apparently attached to the back of the serpent.
- Crater is a thirteen star constellation over Hydra. It is a cup wide and deep - a cup of wrath! In addition, the number thirteen represents apostasy.
- In the Egyptian zodiac, the woman holding the two cups was called Herua, meaning "great enemy"; these cups would be the same two bright stars which go to make the base of the single cup, which is shown as wide and deep, embedded in the very body of the serpent. This is a mirror of the image of Revelation 17:4, where the Great Harlot sits enthroned on the back of the scarlet beast, drinking from the cup of abominations.
- Egyptian name of this constellation is Pimentekeon, meaning "the pouring out", as of wrath.
- Crater means "Joined Together" (with the serpent).
- Al Ches: (Arabic) means "the cup".
- Psalm 75:8: For the Lord holds a cup in his hand that is full of foaming wine mixed with spices. He pours out the wine in judgment, and all the wicked must drink it, draining it to the dregs.
- Revelation 14:10: must drink the wine of God’s anger. It has been poured full strength into God’s cup of wrath. And they will be tormented with fire and burning sulfur in the presence of the holy angels and the Lamb.
- Revelation 16:19: The great city of Babylon split into three sections, and the cities of many nations fell into heaps of rubble. So God remembered all of Babylon’s sins, and he made her drink the cup that was filled with the wine of his fierce wrath.
- Revelation 17:4: The woman wore purple and scarlet clothing and beautiful jewelry made of gold and precious gems and pearls. In her hand she held a gold goblet full of obscenities and the impurities of her immorality.
- In mythology, Crater was the cup from which Apollo drank. Apollo was a well-known Greek god whose job it was to carry the sun across the sky each day. As you can imagine, it was a hot and laborious task. Apollo asked his pet crow, Corvus, to fetch him some water to drink because he was tired and overheated. But Corvus was not a good pet and did not do as Apollo wished. Corvus flew away on his mission and while gone he saw a tree with berries. He spent a couple days eating the berries before finally returning with the water. He also brought along a water snake, making up a story that the water snake attacked him and this was the reason for his delay. Apollo didn't believe his lie and placed him in the sky by the cup. Now it's payback time for Corvus the Crow, who always has the cup in his sights but can never drink from it himself.
- The people of the city of Eleusis were struck by a plague. To appease the gods and avoid the plague, a sacrifice was of a noble maiden was made each year. The king, Demonphon, didn't include his own daughters in the lottery. He got away with this for awhile but then a nobleman, Mastusius, objected. Demonphon sacrificed one of Mastusius' daughters without drawing lots. Mastusius sent an invitation to dinner to the king. When the king arrived, Mastusius served him a cup of wine that he had mixed with the blood of the king's daughters, whom he had murdered. When the murders were discovered, Mastusius was killed and thrown into the sea. The cup was placed in the sky to remind men that their evil deeds will not go unpunished.>
III. Corvus / The Raven - The birds of prey devouring. His carcass devoured.
- The third decan is the Raven (Corvus). It is also on the back of the Serpent.
- Corvus, the Raven, is grasping the Hydra, the serpent, with his claws while tearing at him with his beak.
- This raven represents the birds of Revelation, feasting on the enemies of Christ and His people. These enemies are the people of the Great Enemy, Satan. One does not need to look far in the Bible to see other precursor images of birds feeding off of the enemies of God's people, but in Revelation, this feast is the feast of all feasts!
- Arabic: Minchir Al Gorab means "Raven tearing to pieces."
- In the Egyptian Denderah zodiac, it is called Herna, which literally means, "breaking up the enemy".
- Latin: Corvus (the Crow)
- Greek: Koronis (the Crow) or Korakos (the Raven)
- Akkadian: Aribu (the Raven)
- Sumerian: Uga-Mushen (the Raven)
- Al Chibar is the star in the eye of the Raven and means "the Curse inflicted" or "joining together".
- Minchar Algoreb (Arabic) means "The Raven Tearing to Pieces"
- Minchar Alsugia means "The Deceiver Torn to Pieces".
- Minchir al Gorab (Arabic): In the right wing is Al Goreb which means "the raven tearing to pieces".
- Revelation 19:17-18: Then I saw an angel standing in the sun, shouting to the vultures flying high in the sky: “Come! Gather together for the great banquet God has prepared. Come and eat the flesh of kings, generals, and strong warriors; of horses and their riders; and of all humanity, both free and slave, small and great.”
Conclusion of Leo:
What we have here is the wrath of God being poured out as Leo, Lion of Judah, comes to pounce on the head of the serpent. We see also the death of Satan and the ravens feeding! Leo, the majestic lion, rending the prey, represents irresistible strength, and final separation between good and evil. His foot is over the head of the prostrate serpent, closing the series as we are told by the Apostle that the dispensation must be closed: "For He shall reign till His has put all things under His feet."
Leo is the Lion of the Tribe of Judah. The seed of the woman. The righteous branch. He roars out of Zion. He comes to his own again, but this time as the Lion not the Lamb. When he comes the second time he will tread underfoot his enemies. He will come in righteous judgment and will receive that kingdom that was promised to him before the foundation of the world.
Christ is referred to as the "Lion of the tribe of Judah" (Revelation 5:5), and the lion seems to refer to Jesus Christ in his role as King. This constellation most likely refers to Christ as King of Kings, reigning during the coming Millennium, after he has destroyed the horrible beast. Hence, we have the victorious Lion, crushing the enemy, Himself Exalted as King of Kings and Lord of Lords.
Here is the story the Mazzaroth has presented to us so far:
- The seed of the woman shall come.
- There shall be a price paid by Him for a purchased possession.
- The price shall be a conflict with the serpent-foe, and a wound in the conqueror's heel.
- He shall be sent forth swiftly, surely, as an arrow from a bow.
- He shall be slain as a sacrifice.
- He shall rise again and pour out blessings on His people.
- His people shall be multitudes, and held in union with each other and Himself
- He who was slain, whose heel was bruised, shall rule, and shall tread His enemy under foot.
- He shall come in power, triumphant, and have dominion.
- He shall be the Son of God and the son of man, the victim and the ruler.
- He shall hold fast His purchased possession, the reward of His work.
- He shall finally put all enemies under His feet, coming with ten thousand of His saints to execute judgment upon all, separating the evil from the good.
A virgin Maiden is the mother of an Infant Prince who is half mortal and half god (Centaur) and who will grow up to be the Good Shepherd (Herdsman). He is the Redeemer who will pay the price of sin (Balance) through his suffering (Cross) as a sacrifice (Beast) in order to win the Crown. He will be the great Healer who will crush sickness and death (Scorpion). He is the Savior (Archer, Hercules) who slays the Dragon, resulting in great rejoicing (Harp). He is also the Goat (Sea Goat) sacrificed on the Altar, but then resurrecting (Dolphin). He is the messenger of his Father (Eagle and Arrow). He is the Master Teacher (Waterman), who pours out knowledge and blessings on his church (Southern Fish), carrying it upward (Flying Horse) to someday be glorified (Swan). He is the Ram who breaks the Bands of Death, and the Hero who looses the chains of hell which bind and shackle both his former-day and latter-day Church (Fishes) to the awful Sea Monster. The Hero is also the Bridegroom who then marries his Church (Princess). He is enthroned as the King and the glorified church becomes his Queen. At the beginning of the Millennium, Christ reigns as King and Lord of Hosts of the Kingdom of God (Bull). As the royal Hunter he destroys the harlot (Hare) who has perverted religions and governments worldwide, and he executes judgment on the wicked (River). He is both the Father and the Son (Twins). He who comes in power to destroy the great harlot (Hare) at the Second Coming (Big Dog) is also he who came in meekness and allowed himself to be slain by her at the First Coming (Little Dog). He is the Deliverer (Crab) who leads the dead up out of hell (Ship) and delivers his flocks (Big and Little Bears). As the millennial King (Lion), he permanently overcomes the fleeing Water Serpent, who suffers the Cup of the wrath of God, and whose corpse is eaten by birds of prey (Raven).
Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations are from the New Living Translation of the Bible.
- A Message in the Heavens by Joseph Herrin: http://parablesblog.blogspot.com/2008/12/message-in-heavens.html
- Astro Utah: www.clarkfoundation.org/astro-utah/vondel/
- Berkley Lawrence Hall of Science - Starwheels:
Uncle Al's Sky Wheels: http://lhs.berkeley.edu/starclock/skywheel.html
- Biblical Astronomy: www.biblicalastronomy.com/
- Biblical Astronomy: The Hebrew Mazzaroth: www.watchmanbiblestudy.com/biblestudies/BibleStudy_BiblicalAstronomy.htm
- Constellation Names by John P. Pratt: www.johnpratt.com/items/astronomy/starnames/cons_names.html
- Crosswalk: bible.crosswalk.com
- Day Four - Sun, Moon & Stars: http://ajchesswasbibleblog.blogspot.com/2005/08/day-four-sun-moon-stars.html
- Enoch's Constellations Testify of Christ by John
- God's Message in the Stars: www.prepare-ye-the-way.com/zodiac1.htm
- God's Message in the Stars: www.returntogod.com/Science/stars.htm
- God's Word in the Stars: www.eternalthroneofdavid.com/morfessa/stars16.htm
- Gospel and Astrology?: www.bikerjohn.com/gospel_astrology.htm
- Greek Mythology and the Constellations: www.wwu.edu/depts/skywise/greekmyth.html
- Hands-on Universe Star Chart: www.handsonuniverse.org/activities/uncleal/NorthStarwheel.pdf
- "He calleth them all by their names"
(Video on youtube): www.encyclopedia.com/YouTubeDisplay.aspx?videoid=4DU9JcE1qWg&term=Mazzaroth
- Historic Christianity: Cancer & Leo:
- History of the Constellations: http://hsci.cas.ou.edu/exhibits/exhibit.php?exbgrp=3&exbid=20&exbpg=58
- Logos in the Night: www.thebelotefamily.info/starrynight/Logos2.htm
- Mazzaroth or the Constellations by Frances Rolleston:
- Meaning of Zodiac Signs - video by Randall Niles:
- Message From The Stars - The Mazzaroth: www.genesisfiles.com/Mazzaroth.htm
- Net Bible: www.bible.org/netbible/index.htm
- Review of Gospel in the Stars by John
P. Pratt: www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/gis/gis_review.html
- Signs in the Heavens - MP3 Download by Chuck Missler:
- Signs in the Stars? by Lambert Dolphin Malcolm
Bowden, Barry Setterfield and Helen Fryman: http://ldolphin.org/zodiac/
- Stars Video: http://beyondtheshadow.org//?Stars%20video
- Stellarium: www.stellarium.org
(a downloadable computer program which shows the heavens at any time
- Summary of the meanings of the Constellations:
- The Evening Sky Map: www.skymaps.com/downloads.html
- The Gospel in the Stars by Frederick C. Kubicek:
- The Gospel in the Stars by by John Ensworth: www.crossbowministries.com/Newsletter1.htm
- The Heavens Declare the Glory of God by P. Johnson:
- The Meaning of the Zodiac: www.bibletruthonline.com/themeaningofthezodiac.htm
- The Message in the Mazzaroth by Evan Wiggs: www.evanwiggs.com/articles/mazz.html
- The Salvation Message Written in the Stars: www.yarahministries.org/heaven.html
- The Star Gospel: www.biblenews1.com/creation/stars.html
- The Star of Bethlehem: www.tccsa.tc/articles/gospel_stars_rso.html
- Star Tales by Ian Ridpath: www.ianridpath.com/startales/leo.htm
- The Stars Also (Appendix 12 From The Companion
- The Testimony of the Stars by Chuck Missler (audio
- The Witness of the Stars by E. W. Bullinger: http://philologos.org/__eb-tws/default.htm
- The Witness of the Stars (introduction) by E.W.
- The Zodiac Testifies of Christ by John P. Pratt:
- What Does The Bible Say About Stars?: www.horizonenergycorp.com/hpo/constellations/bible.htm
- Windows to the Universe: www.windows.ucar.edu/windows.html
- Written in the Stars: www.thegodshonesttruth.org/Writteninthestars.htm
- Your Sky Tonight - PBS: www.pbs.org/seeinginthedark/explore-the-sky/your-sky-tonight.html
- "Created Cosmos" - A Creation Museum Planetarium Show by Answers in Genesis
- "The Companion Bible" (1893) by E. W. Bullinger - Zondervan Publishing House
- "The Gospel in the Stars" (1882) by Joseph A. Seiss
- "The Heavens Declare" (1985) by William Banks - Impact Christian Books, Inc.
- "The Witness of the Stars" (1893) by E. W. Bullinger - Zondervan Publishing House
Defender's Study Bible" -World Bible Publishers
Bible Dictionary" - Merrill F. Unger - Thomas Nelson Publishers
Complete Expository Dictionary" - W. E. Vine - Thomas Nelson Publishers